Changes: My Fourth Decade in the Planet

This month, I am officially inducted in my 30s. I am turning 31 this month. (Yeah, yeah, age 30 doesn’t count since that’s the last year of my 20s.)

Four decades. Wow.

It’s been a great ride so far. Had my shares of ups and downs. But I can say that God has been faithful. Sobra.

So to celebrate this month, I’m implementing some lifestyle changes. I still want to live for at least three decades more.

Healthy Lifestyle

After reading about the hazards of too much sitting, I decided that I wanted a standing desk. So I finally built one two weeks ago. I spent P1,400 for the materials, borrowed a power drill and installed the desk in one of our walls in the apartment. Here’s a picture of the finished setup.

I got the sculpture as a love gift from Baguio City UMC when I preached there on the first Sunday of October. The sword is a Diego Silang sword from Ilocos Norte, both are reminders of my heritage as an Ilocano.

Speaking of healthy lifestyle, I’m also set to visit the Rehab Doctor for an overdue checkup of my neck, and maybe my spine, too. I’ve been feeling some pain in my shoulders and lower back. I tried to go back to the gym but everytime I try, I feel a very uncomfortable pain in my shoulders and lower back. Continue reading

Setup Your Homepage Chapter Resources

Here are additional books, blogs, and resources you can check out in relation to Chapter 5 of “Start Up: Find your place. Engage the world. Sustain your life.” These are great resources on the subject of identity and personality. Whenever possible, we’ve also included the places where you can a copy of these resources online and off.

Blogs and Websites

A thoughtful piece on calling from Relevant Magazine: Your Calling is Closer than You Think.

A good set of questions to ask from Huffington Post: Finding Your Calling.


What I Wish I Knew When I Was 20 by Tina Seelig.

Written by a Stanford University Professor, Tina Seelig, the book tackles a number of advice for young people, especially those who are getting ready to face the real world. Tina Seelig also advocates not only pursuing your passion, but offering something to the market for you to become productive and competitive. Available via National Bookstore and


Got other resources?

Feel free to share with us other resources you may come across so others can benefit from those.

Markets and Industries

Individuals and companies offer different products and services to address various human needs. If you’re hungry, you just go to the market to buy meat and veggies so you can cook them. If you’re really hungry, you go to a restaurant to order cooked food. In order to have money to buy food and other needs, you’ll need money, right? And to have money, you offer your knowledge, skills, and abilities to companies. Given our many needs as humans, different markets and industries have emerged as groupings of these products and services. As you think about your calling and career path you want to pursue, it’s helpful to identify the industries, which you can enter.

Here’s a list of industries in the Philippines. Look at their descriptions, it may help you decide what kind of career path to pursue. Please take note that these industries may also overlap with each other, especially in relation to functions.


Accountants are very much in demand in the country and abroad. If you have a penchant for numerical skills, organizing, reporting, and auditing expenses, accountancy is a viable career option. Before you can practice, however, you will need a license. Related jobs: Auditing, bookkeeping, accountant, tax consultant.

Administration and Management

Companies are looking for managers and leaders who can help organizations and companies achieve their goals. This set of jobs help organizations manage their day-to-day affairs, process paper works, and provide the backbone that will propel the organization forward. Related jobs: Manager in various functions (I.T., finance, marketing, human resources).

Banking and Financial Services

Banks keep and grow people’s money. They also lend money to individuals and companies for various purposes. Moreover, a lot of banks also offer investment services for people who want to earn more in the money market. Related jobs: tellers, loan officers, investment officers, credit analysts, customer service officers, traders, collection agents, etc.

Business Process Outsourcing / Call Center

While call centers are the most famous member of the BPO industry, companies that provide email, and other business-related back end support are also important. So important in fact, that the BPO industry is second only to OFW remittances in terms of revenues generated. Related jobs: Customer Service Representative, IT help desk, Directory Assistance, Telemarketing, Email support, and business support to other industries: medical transcription, Human Resource processing, legal transcription, and credit card fraud monitoring among others.

Education and Training

Children, young people, and adults will always be learning–in schools and even in companies. Teaching can happen in a formal school setting. But learning is also much needed by companies: for new hires, those who are newly promoted, and those who need to upgrade their skills to keep up with the demands of the market or industry. Related jobs: Teacher, Trainer, Career Coach.


The Engineering industry also spills over into other industries (i.e. Construction, Information Technology, Manufacturing, Mining, etc) but Engineers are still very much in demand in the country and abroad. Most of the time, a license is needed before you can practice legally. Related jobs: Chemical Engineer, Civil Engineer, Electrical Engineer, Agricultural Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Metallurgical Engineer.

Food Services

People will always need food. There are various ways in addressing this need. Some put up turo-turo restaurants, others offer fast food, and still others offer a fine dining experience. Other entrepreneurs also offer processed food or catering services. Related jobs: Chef, Service Crew, Waiter, Baker, Nutritionist.

Health Care / Medical / Pharmaceutical

This industry is not just about doctors. It also encompasses a wide range of products and services: nurses, X-ray services, pharmacists, and even medical representatives. Most of the time, licenses are also necessary before you can practice legally. Related jobs: Nurse, Doctor (of various specialization), Pharmacist, Radiologist, Medical Technologist, Dentist, Physical Therapist.

Hotel Services and Tourism

Given the booming tourism industry in the country, jobs in this industry are very much in demand–here in the Philippines, in cruise ships, and even in other countries. Related jobs: Hotel Staff, Receptionist, Events Manager, Housekeeping, Bar tender.

Human Resources Management

Closely related to the Administrative and Management, and Training Industries, Human Resources Management is its own industry. Since the biggest resource of organizations and companies are its people, they need to be motivated and treated appropriately so as to maximize their welfare and that of the organization’s. Related jobs: HR generalist, Recruitment Officer, Compensation and Benefits officer, Training.


Risk and liability are part of life, owning a house or a business, and a motor vehicle. While an insurance may be looked at as a financial product or service, it has evolved to become an industry all its own. Related jobs: Actuarial, Insurance agent, Underwriter, Appraisers, Claims Processing, and Service Representative.

Information Technology

One of the fastest growing industries all over the world, IT is also becoming a bright spot in the Philippine economy. While it is closely related to the BPO industry, the IT industry has grown to include home-based jobs related to Internet Marketing, Search Engine Optimization among others. Related jobs: Programmer, Software Engineer, Database Specialist, Networking Specialist, Web designer, web developer, and online Content Writer.

Journalism, Mass Media and New Media

Writing and broadcasting have come a long way and have crossed over to digital media platforms. This industry requires creativity, content development, and production. You can explore careers in newspapers, radio, TV, cable, and online media outfits. Related jobs: Writer for newspapers and magazines, DJ, Segment Producer, Production Assistant, Editor, Photographer, Videographer, Camera man, Producer.

Marketing, Advertising, Promotion, and PR

This industry also crosses over with some aspect of Journalism and Mass Media but its intent is more towards communicating and selling products through media. It also involves working with a brands and companies who want to reach out their audiences for better engagement. Related jobs: Market researcher, Brand Marketer, Creatives, Graphic Artist, Videographer, Copywriter, Marketing officer, Field marketers, Promodizers.

Real Estate

With the booming construction industry, Real Estate is emerging as one of the important industries in the Philippines. The government recently required a licensure examination for Real Estate brokers and agents. Related jobs: Broker, Agent, Property manager, Appraiser, Developer.

Religious, Social Work, & Community Development

Churches and Non-Government Organizations cater to the well-being of people, especially relating to spiritual matters, and in case of NGOs, they provide services to marginalized sectors and peoples who would, otherwise, have no access to these crucial services. While considered by others as “vocation”, this collection of jobs appeal to service-minded individuals. Related jobs: Pastors, Counselors, Ministers, Priests, Social Worker, Community worker, Community Development officer.


To reach people, products and goods need to be distributed and sold near the places where people are. This is what retail is for–provide goods and products to the end users who need them. Your typical Sari-sari Store counts as a retail outlet, but other, bigger, retailers such as Supermarkets are growing all over the country. Related jobs: Marketing, Store operations, Design.


Since the Philippines is considered as the text-messaging capital and the Social Networking capital of the world, telecommunication services are really important. These jobs are in high demand here and abroad. Related jobs: Electronics and Communications Engineer, IT, programmers, Customer Service Representatives.

Transportation and Logistics

Local logistics companies are also expanding and growing alongside their global counterparts. With more than 11 Million Filipinos abroad, transportation and logistics need to deliver packages and transport various goods and services to and from the Philippines. Related jobs: Customs Administration Officer, Operators and Laborers, Drivers, IT, Engineering.


This is but an introduction to the industries that you can find a job in. You may also consider setting up a business in these industries. If you want a more in-depth view of these industries, please get a copy of’s book “Jumpstart Your Career: The Handbook to Finding Your Dream Job” available from National Bookstore and other major bookstores.

Enter the App Market Chapter Resources

Here are additional books, blogs, and resources you can check out in relation to Chapter 4 of “Start Up: Find your place. Engage the world. Sustain your life.” These are great resources on the subject of identity and personality. Whenever possible, we’ve also included the places where you can a copy of these resources online and off.

Blogs & Websites

Job-hunting websites:


These websites list all jobs available according to categories. You can then browse related jobs together and understand the skills needed for any job.

This website is operated by the Department of Labor and Employment. It lists the top jobs in demand in the country right now. While the listings may be limited compared to commercial job hunt websites, will help you look at potential career paths you may take.


Jumpstart Your Career: The Handbook to Finding Your Dream Job by has dominated the online job search industry in the Philippines. Literally millions of people are in its job-seeker directory and thousands of companies offer jobs in its portals. With this book, they have come out with an introductory information on the different industries and career paths available for the new Filipino graduate. The book also offers valuable advice on how to get the job you want. Available via National Bookstore and other major Filipino bookstores.


Got other resources?

Feel free to share with us other resources you may come across so others can benefit from those.


Check Your Bookmarks Chapter Resources

Here are additional books, blogs, and resources you can check out in relation to Chapter 3 of “Start Up: Find your place. Engage the world. Sustain your life.” These are great resources on the subject of identity and personality. Whenever possible, we’ve also included the places where you can a copy of these resources online and off.

Blogs & Websites

Another good blog article on the importance of pursuing your passion, in this case, multiple passions. The Case for Pursuing Multiple Passions.

Still unsure where to start on how to pursue your passion, Cal Newport (blogger and author) has written a really good piece on The Minimalist’s Guide to Cultivating Passion.

Here is a good counter-argument to pursuing your passion, written by a minimalist lifestyle blogger. Why Pursuing Your Passion is Crappy Advice. You can pick up several interesting notions about the role of passion and the role of commitment and dedication in doing your job or whatever you set your mind to.


Here’s the video of Sylvester Stallone talking about his passion and how the Rocky movies came about.


Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (yes, it’s difficult to pronounce! Google it to learn how to pronounce it. 😀 ) produced a psychology book on how dedicated people (artists, writers, etc) become focused and dedicated to doing the tasks they do. Available via National Bookstore and

Got other resources?

Feel free to share with us other resources you may come across so others can benefit from those.

Install Your Apps Chapter Resources

Here are additional books, blogs, and resources you can check out in relation to Chapter 2 of “Start Up: Find your place. Engage the world. Sustain your life.” These are great resources on the subject of identity and personality. Whenever possible, we’ve also included the places where you can a copy of these resources online and off.

Blogs & Websites

Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

If you want to learn various skills, you can study at a TESDA-accredited school. They’re usually priced very reasonably and they can give you a quick jumpstart to the kind of job you want to do.

Mind Tools General Career Skills has a good list of articles and resources about the skills you’ll need at the workplace. The setting, though, is based in the United States, so you’ll need to look at possible ways to contextualize that in the Philippines.

One of our natural advantages in the 21st century is the availability of information online. If you want to learn Photoshop, writing, video editing, audio editing, and a lot of skills, you can just go to, search for tutorial on the skills you want to learn, spend some hours doing it and you’re well on your way to becoming good at that skill.


Talent is Overrated by Geoff Colvin

Yes, talent is important. But Geoff Colvin says that talent alone cannot help you build a successful career. He proceeds to highlight the importance of ‘deliberate practice’ and it can help you become the best person in your career. Available at National Bookstore and via

Outliers: The Story of Success by Malcolm Gladwell

Outliers, for me, is the natural reading companion to Colvin’s Talent is Overrated. Gladwell explains all the seemingly random factors that determine how people succeed. Although observers and other writers have identified the 10,000 hours as a pre-requisite to becoming a master at anything, Outliers helped popularized that notion even more. Available via National Bookstore and

What Color is Your Parachute? By Richard N. Bolles

Back when career guide books weren’t popular, Bolles came up with a comprehensive guide to helping you identify your skills and other things to help you get your dream job. Available via National Bookstore and

Got other resources?

Feel free to share with us other resources you may come across so others can benefit from those.

Conduct a Personal SWOT Analysis

Before you can plan effectively, you need to take a look at yourself and answer several questions so that you can understand your present situation and make important changes. If you set out blindly and try to achieve your vision without understanding your situation, you may have to go back to the starting line several times to get things right. You’ll just waste your time. So better start by checking up on yourself.

8632116_a2dd9ad4f8Corporations and organizations have regular monitoring and evaluation sessions. They use a variety of methods for looking at their present positions and understanding their situation. They conduct environmental scanning and internal analyses tools. They engage in SWOT Analysis together with other tools for organizational development. SWOT analysis takes a look at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the organization. This tool can also be applied to an individual and it will also greatly help in giving momentum to a vision.

Before using SWOT, however, you will need to answer several questions that can help you accomplish SWOT analysis later on. These questions point out to your personal identity, your skills and your abilities, your directions and then your SWOT.

1. Who are you?

This first question relates to your identity. It is not only about your name. More than that, it involves how you view yourself, your personality, your character, your family and even your country. How do you describe yourself? How can you make the best out of your personality and your identity? How’s your attitude to yourself?

By taking a look at all of these influences, you can map out where you stand and you become more sure of who you are.

2. What can you do?

You should list down your skills, your abilities and all the things that you can do. If possible, you should also rate your level of expertise in each of these skills and abilities. If you are a student, you can go to your college’s Guidance Counselor and ask to take some tests about your talents and skills and the best career path you can take. A lot of these tests are also available online. It’s just a matter of Googling it.

Knowing what you can do also helps boost your confidence and your self-esteem. Even if your identity is not determined by what you do, it sure helps in establishing your character and your reputation.

3. Where are you going?

This is where your personal vision comes in. What is your direction in life? What are your priorities? How do you view yourself ten years from now? A well crafted vision will give you the answers to these questions.

4. Where are you today?

You should be able to map out your present situation in relation to your vision. How do you describe your present situation? You should also take a look at your finances, your health, your family affairs, your career and your emotional and spiritual health. When you have a good grasp of where you are today, you can start planning how to achieve your vision.

This is where SWOT analysis comes in. You also need to devote at least one hour in doing this exercise. At first, it might be a little tedious but the rewards of discovering more about yourself will give you immense satisfaction. You can print out the next section and answer it by yourself.

At this point, I suggest you start keeping a journal to record your thoughts, your vision, your SWOT Analysis and the plans that you will craft later on. A journal will help you observe your progress and point out areas of concern that need more work.

Personal SWOT Analysis

Write down your strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the boxes below. If you’re more comfortable with bullet points, then by all means write in bullet points. But you can also write in complete sentences if you prefer that. Some examples have been provided in the table.

You can also take a look at what you wrote in the brainstorming session in the previous chapter. This way, you can pick the words you wrote and put them in one of the boxes below.

After you’ve completed your SWOT Analysis, you now get a better picture of your present situation. You might have realized by now that there are a number of areas that you need to work on. You need to answer the next question so you can start planning how to achieve your vision:

What do you need to do to achieve your vision?

Dealing with this question is more complicated than the previous four ones because this involves personal planning and crafting a personal development plan.

image credit: gonzales2010 via Flickr

Boot Your OS Chapter Resources

Here are additional books, blogs, and resources you can check out in relation to Chapter 1 of “Start Up: Find your place. Engage the world. Sustain your life.” These are great resources on the subject of identity and personality. Whenever possible, we’ve also included the places where you can a copy of these resources online and off.

Blogs and Websites

Blogs are cool. You can read them. Learn from them. And the best thing is, they’re completely free!

Pinoy Strengths-Based Blog

Val Baguios III, a Filipino IT personnel at a top humanitarian organization with office here in Manila, has a blog that tackles the Strengths-based movement, which sprang from the book, “Now, Discover Your Strengths”, written by Marcus Buckingham. Val writes several reflections and suggestions on how you, too, can capitalize on your strengths as you do your job. Check out his blog at

Psychology Today Blogs

Psychology Today has a lot of blogs on its role. Do search for information about personality, temperament, and finding your personality type. The challenge, though, is to cut through the sheer number of articles at the site. Use their search function a lot and be critical in analyzing what you read.

Want to learn your own MBTI personality type? Go to this link and take the test. It takes about 5-10 minutes to do so. Other information on MBTI may be found here:


While blogs tend to be more current than some books, you just can’t discount the power of books in helping you grow as a person and as a career person.

Personality Plus: How to Understand Others by Understanding Others by Florence Littauer

“In Personality Plus, Florence Littauer gives you valuable insight for appreciating your one-of-a-kind, God-given personality. She includes a Personality Profile test that reveals how your unique blend of traits affects your emotions, work performance, and relationships. Through humorous anecdotes and straightforward counsel, Personality Plus guides you to improve upon your strengths and correct your weaknesses. This engaging book also provides keys to understanding those around you. You’ll learn how to accept-and even enjoy-the traits that make each of us so different. Personality Plus is the tool you need to change your life, and the lives of those you care about, for the better.” (from the description of the book)

Available at National Bookstore and other major bookstores and also via

What Type Am I: Discover Who You Really Are by Renee Baron

This book covers the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) in a fun and engaging way. So if you want to learn more about your personality and those of people around you, read this and understand yourself better. Available at National Bookstore and other major bookstores and also via

YOUnique by Jayson Lo

Jayson Lo put an interesting twist on the traditional DISC personality typing. While DISC is different from MBTI personality types, you can still learn about yourself and how you relate with others through this book.

Available via Jayson Lo’s blog and via National Bookstore.

The Spirit-Controlled Temperament by Tim LaHaye

One of the more ancient theories on personality is about our temperaments. While the Science may not be that spot on, its descriptions of personality are pretty good and you will end up nodding at its descriptions of personality. Tim LaHaye, though, points to the need for the control of the Spirit in all areas of life, including one’s temperament.

Available via OMFLit bookshops, National Bookstore and


Got other resources?

Feel free to share with us other resources you may come across so others can also benefit from those.

An Overview of 16 MBTI Personality Types

You meet all sorts of people in the office, especially if you work with multinationals that occupy several floors in a big building, or if you work with the government. There’s that shy guy who keeps bowing his head whenever he meets someone in the hallway, or the snob manager who enters his office and never gets seen again until the next day, or that loud braggart who seems to treat everyone as his long lost friend, the uber friendly girl who is all-smiles to everyone, and that terrible worker who keeps messing things up.

personality typesDifferent folks, different strokes. But if everyone understood each other a little better, wouldn’t the office be a more harmonious and fun?

Everyone is unique. Yet, everyone shares lots of the same traits. To understand people in your workplace better, you need a better understanding of the different personality types in the office.

If you have any doubt about the power of personality in improving (or disrupting) the harmony in the office, just remember the two persons who just could not get along in your office.

Thankfully, a guy named Carl Jung wrote a book in 1921 entitled “Psychological Types”. With it came a better understanding of how personality differs in individuals. Katharine Cook Briggs probably read Jung’s book and got so fascinated with it that she and her daughter, Isabela Briggs-Myers, started developing several personality typologies that would help women identify the best jobs available to them, given their preferences. Soon enough, their questionnaire, which was first published in 1962, evolved into what is now known as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).

The MBTI is probably the world’s most popular personality assessment tools used by Human Resource Departments and Hiring companies all over the world. While it’s not a perfect tool (is there such a thing?), it helps people understand themselves better and which kinds of work are suited to their personality. But a really determined person can master any occupation, but that’s another story.

The following is a rather technical explanation of the basic concepts of the MBTI. It’s a little tedious. But before we can deal with the sixteen different personality types, we need a working understanding of the theoretical foundation and bases of MBTI.

Carl Jung’s Theory of Psychological Type

To better understand the MBTI, we need to look at the basic concepts of Carl Jung’s theory of the psychological type. Jung believed that individuals tend to inherit and develop certain ways of thinking and behaving. Human beings use both rational (judging) and irrational (perceiving) cognitive functions.

From this basic proposition, Briggs and Myers then developed sixteen personality types based on four dichotomies (opposing traits).

Extraversion (E)

Introversion (I)

Sensing (S)

Intuition (N)

Thinking (T)

Feeling (F)

Judgment (J)

Perception (P)

Please do understand that these dichotomies (or opposing traits) are not treated as a continuum. That is, a person is not necessarily more perceptive or less judgmental. It does not really measure aptitude in these traits but rather a preference for these traits.

I feel compelled to put a disclaimer here. I’m not a Psychologist and my understanding of the MBTI is based on my reading and research only. I don’t have direct experience in administering the test. So if you want a more comprehensive and practical application of this type, please see a licensed professional.

Let’s explore each of these dichotomies.

Attitude Function: Extraversion (E) / Introversion (I)

This dichotomy is usually referred to as Attitudes. Introverts tend to prefer their “internal life,” which draws them toward ideas and reflections. Introverts tend to think and reflect before acting and doing something. For extroverts, action first before reflection. When introverts engage in too much acting and socializing with people, they will need time off by being alone so they can replenish their energies.

Here’s an excerpt from the book “The Art of Speed Reading People” by Paul & Barbara Tieger.

Extraverts are action oriented, while introverts are thought oriented.
Extraverts seek breadth of knowledge and influence, while introverts seek depth of knowledge and influence.
Extraverts often prefer more frequent interaction, while introverts prefer more substantial interaction.
Extraverts recharge and get their energy from spending time with people, while introverts recharge and get their energy from spending time alone.

Perceiving and Judging Function: Sensing (S) / Intuition (N)

Together with the next dichotomy, Thinking (T) / Feeling (F), this dichotomy is considered as Functions of perceiving and judging.

Individuals who prefer Sensing tend to trust concrete information that can be seen, heard, smelled, touched or tasted (yep, that’s the five senses). They look for facts, data and details. Those who prefer Intuition, on the other hand, have a high tolerance for the theoretical and the abstract. They don’t easily dismiss gut feelings, instincts and hunches, and they have a tendency to look at the bigger picture instead of the looking at the details.

Thinking (T) / Feeling (F)

This dichotomy refers to the decision-making preferences of an individual. While you may think that human beings are so irrational a lot of times, by Thinking or Feeling, individuals make rational decisions. Don’t let the title of the dichotomy fool you. Feeling people also think about things, it’s just that, they focus on different things compared with those who prefer Thinking.

Those who prefer Thinking tend to make objective decisions and detach themselves from the equation. They want to make logical and reasonable decisions based on a set of rules or criteria. Those who prefer Feeling, tend to be subjective, in that they empathize with the situation and consider the people involved in the situation.

Lifestyle function: Judgment (J) / Perception (P)

Although the previous two dichotomies deal with judging and perceiving functions, this last function refers to how an individual uses the judging function (thinking or feeling) and perceiving function (sensing or intuition) as they respond to the outside world (extraversion). In a manner of speaking, this last function is a hybrid of the previous ones.

Those who prefer Judgment tend to want things to be settled and firm; while those who prefer Perception would want to keep options open.

It can be quite tricky to understand all of the 16 MBTI Personality Types. If you want to further understand your personality, take a look at the Personality Profiles below and try to determine which closely resembles your personality.

If you want to take a test to determine your personality, you can head out to this link so you can take a quick test (about 5-8 minutes). It will then explain which of the personality types closely resemble your personality.

ISTJ (The Duty Fulfillers)

Quiet, serious, earn success by thoroughness and dependability. Practical, matter-of-fact, realistic, and responsible. Decide logically what should be done and work toward it steadily, regardless of distractions. Take pleasure in making everything orderly and organized – their work, their home, their life. Value traditions and loyalty.

ISFJ (The Nurturers)

Quiet, friendly, responsible, and conscientious. Committed and steady in meeting their obligations. Thorough, painstaking, and accurate. Loyal, considerate, notice and remember specifics about people who are important to them, concerned with how others feel. Strive to create an orderly and harmonious environment at work and at home.

INFJ (The Protectors)

Seek meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. Want to understand what motivates people and are insightful about others. Conscientious and committed to their firm values. Develop a clear vision about how best to serve the common good. Organized and decisive in implementing their vision.

INTJ (The Scientists)

Have original minds and great drive for implementing their ideas and achieving their goals. Quickly see patterns in external events and develop long-range explanatory perspectives. When committed, organize a job and carry it through. Skeptical and independent, have high standards of competence and performance – for themselves and others.

ISTP (The Mechanics)

Tolerant and flexible, quiet observers until a problem appears, then act quickly to find workable solutions. Analyze what makes things work and readily get through large amounts of data to isolate the core of practical problems. Interested in cause and effect, organize facts using logical principles, value efficiency.

ISFP (The Artists)

Quiet, friendly, sensitive, and kind. Enjoy the present moment, what’s going on around them. Like to have their own space and to work within their own time frame. Loyal and committed to their values and to people who are important to them. Dislike disagreements and conflicts, do not force their opinions or values on others.

INFP (The Idealists)

Idealistic, loyal to their values and to people who are important to them. Want an external life that is congruent with their values. Curious, quick to see possibilities, can be catalysts for implementing ideas. Seek to understand people and to help them fulfill their potential. Adaptable, flexible, and accepting unless a value is threatened.

INTP (The Thinkers)

Seek to develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. Theoretical and abstract, interested more in ideas than in social interaction. Quiet, contained, flexible, and adaptable. Have unusual ability to focus in depth to solve problems in their area of interest. Skeptical, sometimes critical, always analytical.

ESTP (The Doers)

Flexible and tolerant, they take a pragmatic approach focused on immediate results. Theories and conceptual explanations bore them – they want to act energetically to solve the problem. Focus on the here-and-now, spontaneous, enjoy each moment that they can be active with others. Enjoy material comforts and style. Learn best through doing.

ESFP (The Performers)

Outgoing, friendly, and accepting. Exuberant lovers of life, people, and material comforts. Enjoy working with others to make things happen. Bring common sense and a realistic approach to their work, and make work fun. Flexible and spontaneous, adapt readily to new people and environments. Learn best by trying a new skill with other people.

ENFP (The Inspirers)

Warmly enthusiastic and imaginative. See life as full of possibilities. Make connections between events and information very quickly, and confidently proceed based on the patterns they see. Want a lot of affirmation from others, and readily give appreciation and support. Spontaneous and flexible, often rely on their ability to improvise and their verbal fluency.

ENTP (The Visionaries)

Quick, ingenious, stimulating, alert, and outspoken. Resourceful in solving new and challenging problems. Adept at generating conceptual possibilities and then analyzing them strategically. Good at reading other people. Bored by routine, will seldom do the same thing the same way, apt to turn to one new interest after another.

ESTJ (The Guardians)

Practical, realistic, matter-of-fact. Decisive, quickly move to implement decisions. Organize projects and people to get things done, focus on getting results in the most efficient way possible. Take care of routine details. Have a clear set of logical standards, systematically follow them and want others to also. Forceful in implementing their plans.

ESFJ (The Caregivers)

Warmhearted, conscientious, and cooperative. Want harmony in their environment, work with determination to establish it. Like to work with others to complete tasks accurately and on time. Loyal, follow through even in small matters. Notice what others need in their day-by-day lives and try to provide it. Want to be appreciated for who they are and for what they contribute.

ENFJ (The Givers)

Warm, empathetic, responsive, and responsible. Highly attuned to the emotions, needs, and motivations of others. Find potential in everyone, want to help others fulfill their potential. May act as catalysts for individual and group growth. Loyal, responsive to praise and criticism. Sociable, facilitate others in a group, and provide inspiring leadership.

ENTJ (The Executives)

Frank, decisive, assume leadership readily. Quickly see illogical and inefficient procedures and policies, develop and implement comprehensive systems to solve organizational problems. Enjoy long-term planning and goal setting. Usually well informed, well read, enjoy expanding their knowledge and passing it on to others. Forceful in presenting their ideas.

Excerpted from Introduction to Type® by Isabel Briggs Myers published by CPP. Inc. 

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